We all know that there are a lot of different gods or goddesses from Greek mythology like Hecate, Thanatos, Nemesis, and more. But I will only be briefly listing the main major gods and goddesses, ones that most people have heard of or know about.
Starting alphabetically and the first goddess is Aphrodite. She is the goddess of love, beauty, desire, and so on. Aphrodite was the most attractive goddess in Greek mythology and her name means “arisen from the foam”, which is also how she was created. But there are a couple of different versions to how she was born and from whom.
Apollo is the god of music, arts, knowledge, prophecy, poetry, manly beauty, archery, plague, and healing. He is the twin brother of Artemis, the Greek goddess of hunt, and together they were identified as the sun and moon. Apollo invented the lute but he was more popular for playing the lyre, invented by Hermes, and he competed in contests against others.
Next is Ares, the god of war, bloodshed and violence. He has a very difficult personality and is hard to deal with, so he was unpopular with the others. He would have a lot of conflicts and fights with those around him, especially with his half-sisters Artemis and Athena.
Artemis, Apollo’s twin sister, is the goddess of the hunt, forests, hills, and archery. According to Callimachus, she asked her father, Zeus, to grant her wishes and some of them were, to remain a virgin, have many names to set her apart from Apollo, a Light Bringer, a bow and arrow and knee length tunic for hunting, and so on.
Demeter is the goddess of grain, agriculture and the harvest, growth and nourishment. She was a main deity in the Eleusinian Mysteries and her powers of the life cycle of plants symbolizes the passage of the human soul through its life course, and into the afterlife. As she provided all nutrition on the earth and taught them how to cultivate the earth, and she was most appreciated for introducing wheat to mankind, making them different from animals.
Dionysus was the god of wine, parties, festivals, madness, chaos, and drunkenness. He was known for his lightheartedness and always offered help to those in need, which he was popular among other gods and mortals. There were festivals that were held in his honor every year. He was also one of the Olympian gods who did not live in Mount Olympus, as he was travelling around the world to discover the secrets of wine making.
The God and Ruler of the Underworld was Hades. He was the god of the dead and he never left his gloomy kingdom in the darkness and silence. He also had a three-headed dog that was named Cerberus. His role in mythology was passive rather than evil, but ruled the dead, and was assisted by others whom he had complete authority over. He strictly forbade anyone to leave his domain and was angered when someone tried to le ave or tried to steal the souls in the underworld.
Hephaestus is the god of fire and metalworking, stone masonry, forges and the art of sculpture. He had crafted magnificent equipment for the gods and almost any finely-wrought metalwork imbued with powers. And Hephaestus, who was a skilled blacksmith, he created all of the thrones in the Palace of Olympus.
Hera, who is the wife of Zeus, was one of the fairest goddesses in Mount Olympus and the goddess of marriage, women, and birth. She was known for her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus’s lovers and offspring, and also against mortals who crossed her. She would keep an eye on Zeus’s doings and cause harm to his lovers.
Hermes is the messenger of the gods, god of trade, thieves, travelers, sports, athletes, border crossings, and he was the guide to the underworld. He has wings on his sandals that made him the fastest out of all the other Greek gods. It also allowed him to move freely between the worlds of the mortals, gods, and the afterlife.
Hestia is the goddess of the hearth, home, architecture, and family. Like Athena and Artemis, Hestia is one of the three virgin goddesses, who never married. She was a kind, forgiving goddess, and had a discrete character, where she never left her residence. Families would pour sweet wine before and after rituals to extinguish the fire in the hearth of their homes.
Poseidon is the god of the sea, rivers, floods, droughts, and earthquakes, where he rules all the sea and waters. He was considered to be bad-tempered, moody, and greedy among all the other Olympians, and once he was insulted, he would get his revenge.
Finally, Zeus, is the last on the list, and he is the King of all the gods. His roles and responsibilities were that he was the “Lord of Justice”, and punished anyone for lying or breaking an oath. He was fair and like to strive to keep balance, and his powers ruled the sky, weather, thunder, lightning, law, order, and justice.